Recently, the State Administration of traditional Chinese medicine, the Ministry of education, the Ministry of human resources and social security and the National Health Commission jointly issued the opinions on strengthening the work of traditional Chinese medicine talents in the new era (hereinafter referred to as the opinions). Now the relevant policies are interpreted as follows:
I. what is the background and significance of the opinions?
Talents are the first resource for the development of traditional Chinese medicine. The scale of traditional Chinese medicine talents has grown rapidly, the structural layout has been gradually optimized, and the quality and efficiency of talents have been significantly enhanced. However, it should also be noted that there are still some problems in traditional Chinese medicine talents, such as the overall scale is small, the lack of leading talents, the lack of grass-roots talents, and the inactive system and mechanism. It is urgent to take effective measures to cultivate a large number of traditional Chinese medicine talents with both ability and political integrity, and give full play to the basic, strategic and decisive role of talents.
It is an important measure to implement the spirit of the central talent work conference and the National Conference on traditional Chinese medicine and promote the high-quality development of traditional Chinese medicine talent work. The issuance and implementation of the opinions is conducive to the in-depth implementation of the strategy of giving priority to the development of talents, the follow-up of the growth law of traditional Chinese medicine talents, the innovation of talent development system and mechanism, the optimization of talent structure layout, the strengthening of talent ability and quality, the creation of a social environment and development atmosphere for talents to stand out, and is of great significance for improving the supporting and guarantee role of talents in the development of traditional Chinese medicine.
II. How was the opinion formulated?
The State Administration of traditional Chinese medicine has set up a special class for drafting the opinions to promote the formulation of the opinions. First, we should thoroughly study the central spirit. Second, carry out research and special research. The leaders of the State Administration of traditional Chinese medicine led a team to conduct field research in more than 40 institutions in more than 10 provinces, organize and hold a number of symposiums, focus on needs and problems, and study policies and measures. At the same time, relevant units are entrusted to carry out special research on the current situation, needs, development goals, teacher education and other topics of the talent team of traditional Chinese medicine. Third, solicit opinions extensively. Hold symposiums at different levels, fully listen to the opinions and suggestions of academicians in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, masters of traditional Chinese medicine and other experts, and widely listen to the opinions and suggestions of management departments, medical, educational, scientific research institutions and other relevant personnel. The opinions (Draft for approval) were solicited from the provincial departments in charge of traditional Chinese medicine and relevant ministries and commissions. Fourth, strengthen communication and coordination. During the formulation of the opinions, the Ministry of education, the Ministry of human resources and social security, the National Health Commission and the State Administration of traditional Chinese medicine communicated closely, studied relevant policies and measures in depth, and formed consensus to ensure that policies and measures are scientific and feasible.
III. what are the main features of the opinions?
As the first policy measure jointly issued by multiple departments on the work of talents in traditional Chinese medicine, the opinions puts forward more specific and operable policy measures around the implementation of the important deployment of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on talent work and traditional Chinese medicine work, closely combining the reality of traditional Chinese medicine, adhering to the problem orientation and demand orientation. To sum up, it mainly has the following characteristics:first, benchmarking table. The”opinions” is an important measure to implement the spirit of the central talent work conference. The contents closely focus on the decision-making and deployment of the central talent work conference, focus on the key and difficult issues of the revitalization and development of traditional Chinese medicine, focus on leading talents, innovative teams, top-notch young talents and talent development systems and mechanisms, and truly reflect the overall requirements of the spirit of the central talent work conference. Second, highlight key points. Focus on the major needs of the revitalization and development of traditional Chinese medicine, strive to strengthen the construction of”indomitable” talent team, and deepen the reform of talent development system and mechanism. In terms of”summit”, we will strive to build strategic scientists, leading talents and young top-notch talents in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, and promote academic progress, inheritance and innovation of traditional Chinese medicine. In terms of”location”, efforts should be made to strengthen the construction of grass-roots talents of traditional Chinese medicine, cultivate a group of grass-roots personnel of traditional Chinese medicine, so that people can see and eat good traditional Chinese medicine at home. In terms of system and mechanism reform, we should focus on implementing the national policies and measures in the reform of talent development system and mechanism, especially the reform measures for the management of scientific research talents and basic talents, strive to improve the mechanisms of talent introduction, training, evaluation, use and incentive, create a policy environment conducive to the growth of Chinese medicine talents, and strive to solve the problem of”the last mile” of policy implementation. Third, improve quality and quantity. In terms of improving quality, it emphasizes the construction of high-level colleges and universities of traditional Chinese medicine, the establishment of a talent training mode in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, the implementation of the talent Qihuang project, and the promotion of the construction of high-quality talents of traditional Chinese medicine. In terms of expanding the total amount, it is emphasized to adjust and optimize the layout of disciplines and majors of traditional Chinese medicine around the demand, and increase the scale of personnel training of traditional Chinese medicine; At the same time, we should focus on expanding the post setting of traditional Chinese medicine talents, expand the post supply, open and inclusive, attract and gather talents in other fields, and strive to build a talent team with large scale, optimized structure and reasonable layout.
IV. what are the basic principles of talent work in traditional Chinese medicine?
The opinions put forward four basic principles for the work of talents in traditional Chinese medicine, namely, adhering to the party’s management of talents, adhering to service needs, adhering to laws, and adhering to deepening reform. Adhere to the party’s management of talents, improve the leadership system and work pattern of the party’s management of talents, innovate the ways and methods of the party’s management of talents, adhere to the education of talents for the party and the country, and run the party’s leadership through the whole process of the work of talents in traditional Chinese medicine, so as to provide a fundamental guarantee for grasping the direction of talent work and comprehensively promoting the development of talents. Adhere to the service demand, face the healthy China strategy, face the major needs of the revitalization and development of traditional Chinese medicine, face the characteristic and advantageous fields of traditional Chinese medicine, and face the people’s life and health. Focus on strengthening the construction of strategic talents, leading talents and young top-notch talents in related fields such as traditional Chinese medicine medical service, education and teaching, scientific research, industrial development, cultural communication, diplomatic flow and cooperation, and strengthen the construction of grass-roots talent teams, Give full play to the leading and ensuring role of talents. Adhere to the law, inherit the essence and uphold integrity and innovation at the same time, pay equal attention to moral cultivation and ability improvement, combine thinking training with skill training, pay attention to”reading classics, following famous teachers, emphasizing practice and strengthening literacy”, pay attention to the absorption and integration of advanced science and technology and humanistic thought, pay attention to the cultivation of talents and talents to promote the cause, and strive to cultivate talents of traditional Chinese medicine in the new era with both political integrity and talent. Adhere to deepening reform, strive to remove institutional and institutional obstacles in the training, introduction, use, evaluation, incentive, mobility, security and other aspects of traditional Chinese medicine talents, accelerate the formation of a training mechanism conducive to the growth of talents, a use mechanism conducive to the best use of talents, an incentive mechanism conducive to the development of talents, a competition mechanism conducive to the emergence of talents, and strive to create a good environment for the development of talents, Stimulate the enthusiasm of talents and innovation and creativity.
V. what are the main objectives of the work of talents in traditional Chinese medicine?
Based on the current situation and focusing on the future, the opinions put forward the main objectives of the”14th five year plan” and the medium – and long-term work of talents in traditional Chinese medicine. By 2025, the talent training and evaluation system in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine will be basically established, the total number of talents will increase rapidly, the regional layout and professional structure will become more reasonable, the institutional environment for promoting talent growth and attracting and gathering will be significantly optimized, and a talent team that basically meets the development needs of traditional Chinese medicine will be cultivated. Realize that the allocation of traditional Chinese medicine doctors in public traditional Chinese medicine hospitals at or above the second level is not less than 60%of the total number of doctors in this institution. All community health service centers and township health centers have set up traditional Chinese medicine clinics and equipped with traditional Chinese medicine doctors. By 2030, significant progress will be made in the reform of the system and mechanism for the development of traditional Chinese medicine talents, the talent echelon will be more reasonable, the scale of high-level talents will be significantly increased, the grass-roots talent team will be more stable, the traditional Chinese medicine talent center and innovation highland will be gradually completed, and the talent system suitable for the high-quality development of traditional Chinese medicine will be basically formed. By 2035, the talent system in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine will be more perfect, strategic scientists, leading talents and innovation teams in the field of traditional Chinese medicine will continue to emerge, talents will play a more prominent role in guiding and supporting the revitalization and development of traditional Chinese medicine, and their contribution to the construction of a healthy China will be significantly increased.
Vi. what are the key tasks in the opinions?
The opinions adheres to the problem orientation, plans the development needs and training modes of talents at different levels and different categories, and proposes a total of six key tasks. First, accelerate the training and gathering of high-level talents of traditional Chinese medicine. Put forward four policies and measures to cultivate and train strategic scientists in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, cultivate and expand the leading talent team, promote young talents to stand out, and create a highland for the development of traditional Chinese medicine talents. Second, consolidate the grass-roots talent team of traditional Chinese medicine. Put forward three policies and measures to expand the supply of grass-roots talents, promote the flow of talents to the grass-roots level, and improve the development environment of grass-roots talents. Third, vigorously promote western medicine to learn traditional Chinese medicine. Put forward policies and measures to improve the system of Western medicine learning Chinese medicine and implement the special program of Western medicine learning Chinese medicine. Fourth, comprehensively promote the construction of talent teams in key fields of traditional Chinese medicine. Put forward four policy measures to strengthen the training of professional and technical personnel of traditional Chinese medicine, strengthen the construction of traditional Chinese medicine technician team, speed up the construction of urgently needed talent team, and strengthen the construction of traditional Chinese medicine management talent team. Fifth, medical education should work together to deepen the reform of traditional Chinese medicine education. Put forward the policy measures of reforming the education of traditional Chinese medicine colleges and universities and improving the training mode of traditional Chinese medicine talents. Sixth, deepen the reform of talent development system and mechanism. This paper puts forward five policies and measures to expand the posts of traditional Chinese medicine medical services, implement the autonomy of employment, increase the incentive of salary, improve the talent evaluation system, and improve the recognition and reward mechanism.
VII. How to speed up the training and gathering of high-level talents of traditional Chinese medicine?
The opinions puts forward relevant policies and measures from the aspects of attracting, gathering, encouraging talents and strengthening platform construction. First, cultivate strategic scientists in the field of traditional Chinese medicine. In the selection of academicians, national major talent projects and other high-level talents, explore a separate plan and separate evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine talents, and pay attention to the discovery and promotion of excellent traditional Chinese medicine talents. For national major projects, national laboratories, national key laboratories, national major talent plans, etc., attract, discover and cultivate a number of people who stand at the forefront of scientific and Technological Development and中医药相关领域具有权威性，能够进行方向性、全局性、前瞻性思考，具有卓越科技组织领导才能的战略科学家。二是培育壮大领军人才队伍。实施中医药领军人才支持计划，持续支持岐黄学者等各类高层次人才培养项目，对领军人才实行人才梯队配套、科研条件配套、管理机制配套等特殊政策。实施多学科交叉创新团队建设专项，汇聚行业内外和海内外相关学科优秀人才开展中医药重点领域、关键问题联合攻关，培育一批多学科交叉创新人才和团队。加强中医药重点学科建设，打造一批高层次学科带头人和学科梯队。加强与人工智能、生物医学、哲学社会科学等相关领域的学科交叉融合，培育高层次复合型中医药人才。三是促进青年人才脱颖而出。建立健全面向青年人才普惠性支持措施，在重点人才项目、重大科技立项等工程计划中设立青年人才支持专项。加大优秀中医临床人才、青年岐黄学者等青年人才培养力度。支持国医大师、全国名中医扩大师带徒范围和数量，支持其招收有潜力的青年人才传承培养。加大中医药类专业博士后科研工作站布局和建设力度，加快培养青年科技人才。健全青年人才发现机制，为青年人才搭建干事创业平台。四是打造中医药人才高地。支持京津冀、长三角、粤港澳大湾区、黄河流域等中医药优势资源较为集中的区域建设中医药高层次人才中心和创新高地。指导国家中医药综合改革示范区开展人才政策综合改革试点，打造具有国际竞争力和吸引力的人才示范区。调动高校、医院、科研院所和企业积极性，建设一批人才吸引集聚培育中心。实施中国中医科学院人才强院计划，高标准高水平建设创新型中医药科研院所和高等院校。