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These instruments help the space life science research of the”ask the sky module” | the first experimental module of the Chinese space station is about to go into space!

As the national space laboratory, 25 scientific experiment cabinets can be deployed in the capsule of the Chinese space station. Each cabinet is a small space laboratory, which can support the development of single discipline or interdisciplinary space science experiments, reaching the international advanced level as a whole.”– Lin Xiqiang, spokesman for China’s manned space engineering and deputy director of the China Manned Space Engineering Office.

The space capsule plans to launchTask IDrelease

On July 18, 2022 Beijing time, the Wentian experimental module and the long march 5B yao-3 carrier rocket assembly have been transferred to the launch area. In the follow-up, various functional inspections and joint tests before launch will be carried out as planned.

July 18thDuring the implementation of the mission of the Wentian experimental module中国载人航天工程办公室正式release本次飞行Task ID

Wentian experimental module, called Wentian module for short, isChina Space Station Heavenly palace ”The size of the cabin is 20 tons, mainly forSpace life science Research.stayOn April 17, 2022, Hao Chun, director of the China Manned Space Engineering Office, said that according to the mission plan, the space station’s space probe experimental module was launched in July, which was in line withTianhe core cabin Docking.早stay今年3月份,中科院空间应用工程与技术中心已经完成科学实验cabinet的研制,正stay开展集成及舱内测试工作,进展顺利。The scientific experiment cabinet of”Wentian” experimental cabin has been delivered to the platform and the whole cabin test has been completed

The instrument information network specially collates relevant scientific instruments and equipment,Let’s have a comprehensive understanding of the scientific equipment in the capsuleThose life science research work that he helped to carry out.

这些仪器设备助力Space life science研究

问天实验舱主要面向Space life science研究,配置了Life ecology experiment cabinet, biotechnology experiment cabinetVariable gravity scientific experiment cabinetScientific glove box and low temperature storage cabinetAerospace Foundationtesting machinecabinet等,能够支持开展多种类植物、动物、微生物等stay空间条件下的响应机理研究,以及密闭生态系统的实验研究,这些实验cabinet能Through visible light, fluorescence, microscopic imaging等多种stay线检测手段,SupportableMolecular, cell, tissue, organ and other multi-level biological experimental research, andIt can provide 0.01g-2g variable gravity simulation,Carry out comparative research on the growth mechanism of organisms under different gravity conditions, in addition,还会建造一个由鱼、微生物、藻组成的小型密闭生态系统。可stay多个科学方向进行stay轨实验Research.


1、生命生态实验cabinet

be used for开展以生物个体为对象的微重力效应和空间辐射效应研究,以及空间生态生命支持系统基础Research.主要由通用生物培养模块、小型受控生命生态实验模块、小型离心机实验模块、小型通用生物培养模块和专用实验装置(如亚磁果蝇培养模块、小型哺乳动物培养模块),以及微生物检测模块,舱内辐射环境测量模块等公共检测类模块组成。

生命生态实验cabinetComposition diagram

2、生物技术实验cabinet

be used forTo carry out cell culture and tissue construction, as well as space biotechnology and application research such as molecular biological manufacturing technology, space protein crystallization and analysis, which are aimed at biological tissues, cells, biochemical molecules and other different levels and categories of biological samples, mainly by cell tissue culture module, protein crystallization module, special experimental devices (such as nucleic acid and protein module, biomechanical experiment module), And cell tissue detection and regulation module which can provide experimental support and optical detection. Among them, many analytical instrument technologies are carried.

生物技术实验cabinetComposition diagram

Among them,Tissue and cell culture module适be used forstay空间开展以细胞、组织为生物样品的多种类型的生物技术实验和研究;Protein crystallization analysis module块利用空间的微重力环境,为实施蛋白质组装等生物技术提供特殊优越的环境;完成空间蛋白质分子组装与应用研究, and可使用该平台组装高质量的蛋白质三维晶体和纳米晶蛋白质/多肽药物;Nucleic acid and protein moduleSupport the use of chromatography, mass spectrometry, electrochemical in situ detection and other means to carry out”nucleic acid and protein co origin” cross research experiments;Biomechanical experiment modulebe used for开展空间细胞、组织和系统的生物力学规律研究实验;还可以研制其他专用实验装置,be used for开展其他生物技术实验Research.Cell tissue detection and regulation module可为实验提供激光共聚显微观察、分光光度计检测等光学观测手段, and可为实验提供气体供给。


3、变重力实验cabinet

该实验cabinet支持的研究主题有:支持与重力相关的多类科学实验,包括Space life science与生物技术、微重力流体和燃烧科学等实验的不同重力效应和响应机制Research.

Variable gravity scientific experiment cabinet系统组成如下图所示,主要由两个离心机、监控系统、照明系统和定子控制器以及实验cabinet控制器和热控抽屉等组成,主要功能是提供stay轨变重力,即stay轨微重力环境基础上,实现0.01g到2g的重力范围,模拟出不同的可控重力环境。

 重力科学实验cabinet系统Composition diagram

Among them,左右两个离心机是科学实验核心设备,是变重力实验开展的场所,其转盘上安装科学实验载荷模块进行变重力实验。定子控制器为离心机模块、监控系统、照明系统提供供电、通讯、数according to管理等接口;监控系统配合定子控制器提供stay轨航天员参与空间实验进程管理和干预的接口界面以及实时监测界面,具体包含监控相机、监控液晶屏和监控操作屏;照明系统为cabinet内科学实验区提供合适的光源支持。


4、Scientific glove box and low temperature storage cabinet

Scientific glove box and low temperature storage cabinet为Space life science与生物技术、空间材料科学等方向实验提供样品装载、精细操作、样品低温存储等支持。

 Scientific glove box and low temperature storage cabinetComposition diagram

科学手套箱(位于实验cabinet上部)可以提供温湿度可控的密闭洁净环境,内置支持精细操作的机械臂和显微装置,可以支持生命、 材料科学等需要用到密闭洁净环境的科学实(试)验。低温存储装置(位于实验cabinet下部)能够提供 4℃、-20℃、-80℃的低温存储能力,可以满足生物、试剂、材料等样品不同低温存储条件,为开展长期空间实验提供保障。

5、Aerospace Foundationtesting machinecabinet

利用Aerospace Foundationtesting machinecabinet可开展舱内技术试验,Aerospace Foundationtesting machinecabinet支持开展微重力等空间环境下以验证Aerospace Foundation技术、关键技术为目标的试验验证项目,主要功能包括:

(1)为试验项目提供微重力等舱内stay轨试验环境;

(2)Provide mechanical, power supply, information, thermal control and other standard interface support for the test project;

(3)Provide wireless communication, data storage, lighting, low-voltage charging and other extended functions for the test project;

(4)支持试验项目stay轨更换及试验样品的stay轨更换

Aerospace Foundationtesting machinecabinetComposition diagram


according toLin Xiqiang, spokesman of China Manned Space Engineering and deputy director of China Manned Space Engineering Office介绍,针对问天实验舱的舱内科学实验机cabinet、梦天实验舱的舱外试验装置和巡天空间望远镜,stay空间站建造阶段,共安排了近百项实验研究项目。后续转入常态化运营后,还将实施较大规模科学研究,预期将有力推动暗物质与暗能量、星系形成演化、物质本质规律、生命现象本质和人stay太空的响应变化规律,以及地球可持续发展等重大前沿科学问题的突破,为未来我国开展近地以远的载人空间探索提供深厚的科学和技术积累。

China’s space station will complete the construction of T-shaped configuration in

Shenzhou 14 manned spacecraft is the first manned spacecraft in the construction phase of China’s space station。按照任务安排,我国将分别stay7月、10月发射问天、梦天两个实验舱。神舟十四号飞行任务期间将全面完成以Tianhe core cabin、问天实验舱和梦天实验舱为基本构型的Heavenly palace空间站建造,建成国家太空实验室。

按照计划,China Space Station将于今年年底完成T字构型建造,舱内活动空间超过110立方米,将配置2个航天员出舱舱口和1个货物气闸舱, and提供6个睡眠区和2个卫生区,可实现长期3人、短期6人驻留。

我国“Heavenly palace”空间站的三舱T字基本构型转化为公式,Heavenly palace空间站的系统设计为:1(天和)+1(问天)+1(梦天)=1(Heavenly palace)。

The”1″ on the right side of the equation is a complete system with complete functions, performance and system redundancy configuration. All system designs are allocated to the three”1″ on the left, which are independent aircraft respectively.

Related development:dreamsky experimental module

梦天实验舱主要面向微重力科学研究,配置了流体物理、材料科学、燃烧科学、基础物理以及航天技术试验等多学科方向的实验cabinet,支持开展重力掩盖下的多相流与相变传热、基础燃烧过程、材料凝固机理等物质本质规律研究以及超冷原子物理等前沿实验Research.同时,stayHeavenly palace二号空间冷原子钟的基础上,将建立世界上第一套由氢钟、铷钟、光钟组成的空间冷原子钟组,构成stay太空中频率稳定度和准确度最高的时间频率系统,开展引力红移、精细结构常数测量等前沿的科学Research.

此外,还stay舱外安排了材料舱外暴露试验装置和元器件与组件舱外通用试验装置,be used for开展舱外实验项目。后续,还将发射与空间站共轨飞行的巡天空间望远镜研究设施,开展广域巡天观测。